camera v. camera
I love this false friend because the one word reveals the origins of the other. In English, we use a camera to take a picture, digitally nowadays, but also with film. But in Italian, camera means room, or better yet, bedroom. What's fantastic is that the English word's action was originally performed in a box or dark room and today's photography students usually have to experiment at least once in their life with the "camera oscura" technique.
Use macchina fotografica as the correct translation for English's camera. It literally means "photographic machine".
Eng) Don't forget your camera when you go on vacation!
It) Non dimenticare la macchina fotografica quando vai in vacanza!